The Josias Podcast’s two most recent episodes feature a very helpful discussion of the nature of teleology and its place in modernity after the Enlightenment. The first and second episodes can be found at the links below. The discussion makes good use of Aristotle’s cosmological problem, the difficulty of the apparently purposeless character of celestial motions, and its connection with Strauss’s problem regarding the foundations of natural law (I briefly discuss some of those things here, with reference to Richard Hassing’s work). Pater Edmund usefully mentions the wonderful essay on force by Sean Collins, and kindly refers to some of my own work at the end of the second part. I was unable to join them for this discussion (which I very much regret!)—hopefully some future episode will afford another opportunity.