Read my recent contribution to Arc’s Philosophy section here, in which I bring Socrates’s observations in the Phaedo together with a recently proven paradoxical theorem in quantum physics and a result in the mathematics of emergent properties.
There is surely a strange confusion of causes and conditions in all this. It may be said, indeed, that without bones and muscles and the other parts of the body I cannot execute my purposes. But to say that I do as I do because of them, and that this is the way in which mind acts, and not from the choice of the best, is a very careless and idle mode of speaking. (Phaedo)