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The following selective, annotated bibliography is meant to serve a rather limited purpose. Throughout the history of Thomism, and Scholastic philosophy generally, one genre of commentary or expository text belonged to “natural philosophy,” which was (due to the influence of Wolff) later called “cosmology.” The Leonine editors of St. Thomas’ In Octo Libros Physicorum Aristotelis recognize this, when describing the contents of Aquinas’ commentary on Aristotle’s Physics:

Praeter multa ergo quae etiam ad metaphysicam pertinent, continet hic liber totam illam partem philosophiae, quae nunc appellari solet in scholis Cosmologia, et quae prius appellabatur Physica generalis. (

Therefore, besides the many things which also pertain to metaphysics, this book contains the entirety of that part of philosophy which is customarily called “cosmology” in the schools, and which was previously called “general physics.”

The exact division and naming of this discipline, how it differs from or is united to the modern sciences or classical metaphysics, is, as one will be able to discern from perusing the following Index, very much a matter of dispute even when the issue is limited to debates among Thomists. Indeed, it will be easily gathered how the genre and discipline of writing about Aristotelian physics changed over the centuries, from the quadripartita, the philosophical courses of the late scholastics and “last” scholastics, to the quasi-Wolffian treatises and compendia of the pre- and early-Leonine revival, to the cosmologiæ of the last of the (so-called) “manualists.”

The aim of this Index is to present a resource for those interested in the tradition of Scholastic cosmology. A great benefit of the internet age is that these authors are now available in online reproductions. The main contributors are contained below, together with brief summaries of their lives and other works, and a few select quotations to pique one’s interest, which the Editor of this Index has selected using that most discriminating of standards, his own intellectual curiosity and the limitations of time.

While some of these authors were not, in their professional lives, scientists or even academic philosophers, the limitations and excellences of their contributions to the general philosophy of nature—the study of ens mobile in commune—are in part captured by this Index. Corrections, suggestions, or comments are welcome.

Among the various historical surveys consulted for this Index were De Wulf’s Scholasticism Old and New as well as his History of Medieval Philosophy. One should also consult the history by Perrier, Revival of Scholastic Philosophy, and Weisheipl’s The Revival of Thomism: An Historical Survey. For the Dominicans specifically, see Ashley’s The Dominicans.

The following editorial division and method of presentation governs the Index. (It should be recalled, that the scope of this Index—to present resources for scholastic “cosmology” or, better, the general philosophy of nature—governs its organization.)

  • First, the authors are roughly divided into historical period, with some discrimation between greater and lesser sources. A brief summary of each author, their historical dates, and their principal contributions with links is provided here.
  • Second, within each period and for each author, the Index branches off to a dedicated author page, where the life of the author is summarized and the principal features of his contributions to natural philosophy are presented, albeit in very brief form.
  • Typically, this presentation follows the interests of the Editor, namely, it summarizes the particular author’s view of what natural philosophy is, and some principal features of his thought (e.g., what does he say about the modern sciences, insofar as they were developed in his day? what does he say about the nature of “laws of nature”? does the author show interest in defining “the universe” of is he content to speak of “mobile being in general” etc.).

The Index Table of Contents

• The Great Schoolmen

– Dominic of Flanders, OP (1425–1479)

– Franciscus de Sylvestris, OP (1474–1528)

– Cajetan, Cardinal Thomas de Vio, OP (1469–1534)

– John (Poinsot) of St. Thomas, OP (1589–1644)

• The Schoolmen of the 15th–18th Centuries


15-16th Centuries

– Capreolus, OP (1380–1444)

– Conimbricenses, SJ’s (16th–17th centuries)

– De Soto, OP (1494–1560)

– Zabarella, Giacomo (1533–1589)

17th Century

– Arnu, OP (1629–1692)

– Bañez, OP (1528–1604)

– Goudin, OP (1639–1695)

18th Century

– Ferrari, OP (1649–1716)

– Ferrari, OFM (?-1775)

– Guerinois, OP (1640–1703)

– Rosellius, OP (1722–1784)


17th Century

– Alemanni, SJ (1559–1634)

– Du Hamel (1624–1706)

– Philippus a Sanctissima Trinitate, OCD (1603–1671)

– Piccinardi, OP (1634–1695)

– Vincent, SJ (fl. 1658–1677)

– Visler, SJ (1632–1675)

– Zanardus, OP (1570–1642)

18th Century

– Piny, OP (1640–1709)

– Lingen, SJ (1661–1713)

– Rentz, (pub. 1723)

– Mayr, SJ (1673–1749)

• Scholastica Cartesiana

– Clauberg (pub. 1691)

– Pourchot (1651-1734)

• The Schoolmen of the 19th and 20th-Centuries

• Early 19th-Century

– Balmes (1810-1848)

– Buzzetti, Canon Vincenzo (1777-1824)

– De Vorges, Domet (1875)

– Hermes, Georg (1775-1831)

– Kleutgen, SJ (1811 – 1883)

Liberatore, SJ (1810-1892)

– Sanseverino, Rev. Gaetano (1811-1865)

– Sordi Brothers, SJ (1790-1880; 1793-1865)

Taparelli, SJ (1793–1862)

Tongiorgi, SJ (1810-1865)

• The Era of Aeterni Patris

– Carbonelle, SJ (1881)

– Cornoldi, SJ (1822-1892)

– Gonzalez, OP (1831-1894)

Grandclaude (1826-1900)

Pesch, SJ (1836-1899)

– Schiffini, SJ (1841-1906)

– Schneid, Mathias (1840-1893)

Urraburu, SJ (1844-1904)

– Vallet, PSS (opera 1879)

– Zeferino Gonzàlez, O.P. (1831-1894)

Zigliara, OP (1833-1893)

• The Early 20th-Century

– Bittle, OFM (1941)

– Blanc (1846-1926)

Coffey, Rev. (1876-1943)

– Donat (1936)

– De Tonquédec, SJ (1868-1962)

– Farges, PSS (1848-1926)

Gredt, OSB (1863-1940)

Hugon (1867-1929)

– Mercier (1851-1926)

– McWilliams, SJ (1933)

Nys (1859-1927)

– O’Neill (1923)

– Phillips (1934)

– Reinstadler (n.d.)

– Remer (1927)

– Rickaby, SJ (1845-1932)

• Post-War Cosmologies

– Aubert (1965)

– Dougherty, SA (1956)

– Fernández-Alonso, OP (1895-1981)

– Foley (1962)

– Glenn (1951)

– Grenier (20th)

– Hellin (1953-55)

Hoenen, SJ (1880-1961)

– Munier (c. 1956)

– Selvaggi, SJ; Cosmologia (1959)